# Extracting First and Last Words

Reggie has a cell that contains three or more words. (The number of words could vary.) He needs a formula that allows him to extract either the first word of the cell or the last word of the cell. For instance, if the cell contains the phrase “Reggie was here in 2016”, then he needs a formula to extract “Reggie” and one to extract “2016”.

You can extract both words using formulas. Extracting the first word is relatively straightforward. All you need to do is find the location of the first space in the phrase, then extract whatever is to the left of it. If one presumes that the phrase is in A1, one can use the formula:

```=LEFT(A1,FIND(" ",A1)-1)
```

To extract the last word, you’ll need a slightly different formula:

```=TRIM(RIGHT(SUBSTITUTE(TRIM(A1)," ",REPT(" ",255)),255))
```

This formula changes the spaces into strings of 255 blanks. Then it finds the last 255 characters and trims the characters to the left, leaving the last word.

You can also, if you prefer, create user-defined functions to grab the words you want. Grabbing the first word is easy:

```Function FirstWord(c As String)
Dim arr

arr = Split(Trim(c), " ")
FirstWord = arr(LBound(arr))
End Function
```

The function uses the Split function to pull apart whatever is in the specified cell, using the second parameter (” “) as the delimiter. Each element in the array (arr) then contains a portion of the original string. In this case what is being returned is the first element (specified by LBound) of the array-the first word.

Since the words from the phrase are being placed in an array, you can use just a slight variation on the function to return the last word:

```Function LastWord(c As String)
Dim arr

arr = Split(Trim(c), " ")
LastWord = arr(UBound(arr))
End Function
```

Note that, essentially, the only real change in the function is the use of UBound instead of LBound. The UBound function specifies the last element of the array. You can use both of these functions in a worksheet in this manner:

```=FirstWord(A1)
=LastWord(A1)
```

If you prefer, you could bypass using the Split function and, instead, use some other string-related functions:

```Function GetFirst(c As String)
GetFirst = Left(c, InStr(c, " ") - 1)
End Function
```
```Function GetLast(c As String)
GetFirst = Mid(c, InstrRev(c, " ") + 1)
End Function
```